My students made beautiful patterned figure paintings to show movement. See their gallery on Artsonia. These paintings are also the backdrop for a stop-motion digital extension lesson where students animated a mannequin to show movement over their movement paintings. See this lesson and results here.
Here is the new digital extension animation plan: Import the digital picture of student art into Brushes Redux. On a layer over the image, recreate the center figure by tracing. Save this image as a png with a transparent background. Then mask out the same figure from original painting and redraw the color and pattern the figure had covered. This forces the student to consider the elements of foreground, overlapping, color, and pattern in a dynamic way. Save the masked painting to the camera roll. Import both images into the Do Ink animation and drawing app in composition mode. Set an animation path and add rotation to the figure. Save this as a video. Here is a quick overview tutorial of all the steps here.
I've been thinking that the figure without pattern would be best to isolate in this process. But, what if that figure is not in the foreground. Does it still work? Why not just isolate the most foreground figure regardless of pattern. Students could redraw the pattern digitally. I wasn't planning on this digital extension when I was instructing students in the design of their lesson. (Download the lesson here from TpT) If I were to do this again, I would have students make the unpatterned figure in the center also in the foreground to make this digital animation a bit easier for them.
This DANCE PARTY was inspired by the Christmas dance party scene in the Peanuts animation where each child is dancing in place on the dance floor in a continuous loop. We can try something similar using the Do Ink Animation app with these steps:
1. Get inspired by Peanut's Dance Party
2. Each student creates one dancer
1. Open up Do Ink Animation app and chose a "new drawing"
2. Choose brush size 5 and black and draw your first pose with closed shapes (so you can pour for coloring later)
3. Click the + in the timeline (bottom right corner) and draw the next pose
4. Repeat until you have 5 poses
5. Use the pour bucked and color each frame with the same color scheme.
6. Click on pose 4 in timeline, chose the double arrows to reveal "copy" & choose it
7. Click on frame 5 (last frame) and click "paste"
8. Click on frame 3, choose "copy". Click on last frame (now frame 6) click "paste"
9. Click on frame 2, choose "copy". Click on last frame (now frame 7) click "paste"
10. Click the play button and see if the animation loops nicely
2. Share the Do Ink Files
One of the cool things about the Do Ink animation app is that you can share your files from one device to another. We used the DropBox in my art room so students would save their animation using "DATA" then choose "Dropbox" and navigate to the Dance Party folder, rename it and save.
Sharing our original Do Ink files means that we and put together a group animation with multiple dancers while retaining all all layering, resizing, and editing functions.
3. Bring the dancers into 1 composition
4. Flipbook designs w/lines & shapes
Students can work in pairs on designing a shape or line design for the background of their party. It's helpful if they choose 16:9 ratio as they create. I would recommend NOT using black in the outlines or anywhere. It will look too busy in the final piece and visually confuse the viewer since the figures are outlined in black.
5. Layer in & fade the background
Alien Music Invasion post full of fun musical creatures
Resource: Learn about line and shape pattern with this fun (and repetitive) fuglelflick, Repeat
After 1st graders finish making their monochromatic fish paintings I have a new idea for them. We will learn to draw shapes into forms, create an interior space, fill it with pattern, and balance it with color using THE GOLDFISH, by Henri Matisse as inspiration. The fishbowl, however, will be empty at first.
Below is a slideshow that leads students through the steps for drawing where they will turn a circle into a fishbowl, make an oval table, design a corner of the room, and use color and pattern in the style of Henri Matisse.
Digital Carpet Painting:
Before you can go on a magic carpet ride like Aladdin, you need your digital carpet painting in perspective so that you can view it from the side so you can climb aboard. I added my painting into the superimpose app over a plain color background. I found the tool mode for the foreground layer and chose perspective (the default). The configuration needed could be pulled and stretched by grabbing the handles on the image or you can chose a pre-created configuration at the bottom of the screen. I chose the one all the way on the right. Then, chose the checkmark to apply.
Fly on carpet (using still images)
This simple method will get your students up and flying without animating a background. They could pose as if they are riding their magic carpet paintings, use the superimpose app to layer their photo onto the carpet, and take it for a ride using the Do Ink Animation app over a background photo (like clouds). This would also create a fun still image for students' Artsonia gallery.
Moving Background Video:
One really fun way to extend this lesson into geographic/cultural studies is to have each student draw a landmark that they could fly over: Eiffel Tower, Big Ben, Statue of Liberty, Mt. Rushmore, The Pyramids, Great Wall of China, Stonehenge Grand Canyon, Red Woods, Golden Gate Bridge, Taj Mahal, Hohenzollern Castle, The Leaning Tower of Pisa, etc. See this list of 15o famous landmarks.
Film the Green Screen:
Paper Cut Version:
BACKGROUND: This version of the magic carpet ride lesson includes a paper cut landscape that shows foreground, middle ground, background in paper pieces. These will be animated traveling across the field of view through stop motion animation. It would be a great opportunity for students to show an understanding of foreground, middle ground, and background in the pieces they create and how they animate the scene.
GROUP ANIMATION: I'm thinking that the background animation would be a group project. Each group would work on designing, drawing, cutting, and animating their landmark landscape. Each student would make their own magic carpet video of themselves flying over their group landmark landscape. Therefore, the class compilation video will only have six backgrounds but 24 videos.
MAGIC CARPET MADE FROM PAPER: A digital magic carpet wouldn't look right with a paper cut background. So, they would need to make a paper carpet in perspective. This is a great opportunity to teach students about a vanishing point, converging lines, and how pattern would be small in the back and large in the front (relative size).
Since you are not going to use stop motion for the carpet, I just took a digital picture of the paper drawing and erased the background in the Superimpose app. It needs to be digital for the green screen effect where a student rides the carpet.
Student Results: view the paintings on Artsonia
Finished: Riding over Landmarks
This link takes you to a travel website featuring 150 famous landmarks. Every student can feature a different landmark in the background video/animation. This would make the class video even more exciting as they fly over scenes from around the world.
View this safeshare.TV link of the "Whole New World" scene from Aladdin.
..and other Individual Rotoscope Animation Ideas
One of the super cool things about Do Ink Animation and Drawing app is that you can pull in photos or videos and draw over them. Drawing over each frame of a video is a technique called Rotoscope Animation. You probably have seen this technique in the famous music video from the 80's A-Ha's Take Me On. I also LOVE this music video and song by Andrew Huang, Every Night I Dream of Dancing, which is a rotoscope collaboration using 30 artists crowdsourced through the internet.
I tried many ways to instruct my students to create rotoscope animations collaboratively, but I've yet to have them create their own...until now. I think I've come up with some ideas that can make this project manageable for very little people.
Plan One: 1 second loops
Tutorial for Rotoscoping in Do Ink app
Plan Two: Color the Loop
Plan Three: Add Rotating Mandalas
I began a new drawing (still in the Do Ink Animation app) and chose a fill and border color, and dragged out a shape to fill the screen. Then I added line or/and shape pattern.
I made two of these patterned mandalas so that I could rotate them behind my rotoscope in opposing directions. The centers won't show much, so I focus the design on the edges.
Plan four: Dancing Sketches
Since the rotoscope animation has a built in transparency (the background is empty and see through) while it remains in the app, you could use this to create some very cool effects. One idea I've been playing with is to layer the rotoscope line drawing animation over a sheet of notebook or sketchbook paper. Since my drawing looks like it was made using a sharpie marker, I try to enhance that illusion by either leaving a marker on the notebook when I take the still image, or write with a sharpie marker alongside the animation. Below is my first rotoscope done this way, "How to Whip."
Did you see the video of the kids showing up at the end? That was an added step using the green screen app by Do Ink. I exported my sketbookbook video and put it in the green screen app and layered on the original green screen video, lined them up with the drawings. The only problem is that GS app limits you to three layers. I needed 4. So I "flattened" the video effect when I had two kids in place by exporting it. Then brought it back in to a new project and finished the third child's effect.
More Advanced ideas: animated sketchnotes
Mini Digital Stories:
My collaborative Rotoscope Projects:
In 2012, my 5th grade students did a collaborative rotoscope animation project with every one of my 100 students drawing over 330 frames of video pieced back together to make the animation shown in the video below. We entered it into the McGraw-Hill STEMie national online contest and won the $5000 second place prize. This money became the seed money for our 1:1 iPad art room. As you can see from the post, the process was very complicated on my end since there wasn't an iPad app (yet) that allowed students to work over video. We filmed a video then ran it through a program (mpeg streamclip) to break it down frame by frame. Students were assigned frames, pulled it into their iPad from the dropbox, drew over it in Brushes app, turned it back into the dropbox with a number that placed it back into the sequence. I pieced it all back together on my computer using a gif maker to turn it into video. They explain below:
This past school year, I tried a different kind of collaborative rotoscope animation with my 5th graders: a rotoscope in a mutoscope (digital art made physical). This time we made 4 small videos (one per class) that would loop nicely into a hand cranked mutoscope kit by Flipbookit.com. These turned out to be very cool. The work again, fell mostly on me. I had to purchase and assemble the kit, prep the video through their online tool, print the images onto labels, and stick them on flip cards. The students each made one frame of the rotoscope, so they finished in one class period. I love the results, but the kit costs over $40, so students don't get to keep their work individually. However, they do have their still image posted on Artsonia with links to their video.
Connections: Kinetic Art & Automations
Thanks to Caren Long for sharing this movie. See her post and how she plans to make Whirligigs with her students HERE.
Make a Whirly-bird: plan
The challenge is to make a bird from cardboard that has moveable parts. There is a clear connection between drawing a bird and designing a whirly-bird since you just have to break everything down into shapes: head, beak, eye, legs, body, wings, tail. Each shape can be a piece to add back to the whole bird with brads instead of glue. The brads keep the pieces of the bird moveable like a whirligig. However, this whirligig isn't going to be able to move with the wind. It will move through the magic of stop-motion animation.
Since I work with 100 students in each grade level, I have to figure out a way to manage resources and materials efficiently. This guide (below) can be printed on 8.5'x11" paper to help students make good choices for size, shape, and placement of holes/brads. This may help avoid mistakes from misplaced holes, working too small, or wasting valuable space on their cardboard sheet. I will encourage students to create their own designs and not use my sheet as a tracer so I will need to provide extra cardboard for their ideas.
Build a Whirly-bird: lay out and attach
Paint: prime, balance color, add pattern
Assemble & test: add brads & try it out
Whirly-bird ideas: dance & weathervane
I wrote a post about using this app for a collaborative dance video. It's very similar, so it can help you through the steps of using Do Ink, layering video, and organizing files.
This project would teach SO many concepts: silhouette, landscape, atmospheric effects, monochromatic, size, movement, pattern, balance, stop motion animation, and layering. I have a post and tutorial for creating a digital appalachian mountain landscape here.
This same concept translates well as an insect too. If students made a whirlygig insect then the lesson can have a science component to learn about the parts of an insect as they build. No, that's not a tail-it's a stinger. Sorry for the confusion.
This 2nd grade lesson introduces students to the artwork of Keith Haring. He made colorful painting with figures in action poses. I use this artwork to teach very basic figure drawing, complementary colors, primaries and secondary colors, action/ movement, positive/negative space, line pattern, and shape pattern. We begin by drawing poses using the help of a template students cut out and assemble by themselves. This template allows them to play with poses then trace the ones they like. Download the template.
Student Work: see gallery here
When students finished their paintings, they looked at them through 3-D glasses to see if the complementary colors made the actions poses even more vibrant.
Finished stop motion animations:
The fifth graders from 5-1 used the second graders' step up one day and made this:
Digital Extension: Create it digitally
Digital Warm Up Drawing:
Digital Extension: Make and Move
Students can use the template over a piece of construction paper and animate the figure against a complementary color background to demonstrate movement dynamically. I use the free app iMotion HD and have student make a short video. 30 images makes a 2 second video at 15 frames per second. I collect the individual videos for one class video.
Keith Haring, a street artist of the 1980's created bright, simple, and playful dancing figures that inspire my students. We have created Haring inspired pieces in the past focusing on figure, color, and pattern.
The most difficult part of the lesson is creating the figures with arms and legs that bend in places they should bend. It sounds easy but when you're still new a figure drawing, it is very challenging. I've tried having students pose their own bodies, photograph poses and draw over them on the interactive whiteboard, and cut out paper people that they can pose and trace. All these methods have helped, but I just stumbled on one that may be transformational when I found the Wooden Doll 3D app for the iPad.
Below: These are examples from second graders who have hand-drawn after great struggles the four action poses. They completed these with complementary colors pairs in the negative and positive spaces then completed them with line and shape pattern.
I played with the Drawing with Carl app over the weekend after having learned about it from Karyn Keenan in Chicago. Here are her students drawings and audioboos.
I love the function in it that allows you to draw with patterns. It forced me to draw in shapes from the background to the foreground which is very similar to the way we would construct a paper collage.
I think this app would be perfect for creating a Laurel Birch styled abstract cat lesson. Here is what my students created in paint (physically) and here is a quick sketch of what I did in this app below.
First graders learned about color, line, and shape pattern while making these symmetrical mittens. Some even learned how to tie a bow for the first time! They watched our fun Fugleflick about pattern called REPEAT (and even sang along at our Repeat Karaoke Party.)
Take a look at their artwork below or view it on our Artsonia gallery here.
View our Entry for the What's Your Story
Internet Safety Contest
(Won the 2nd Place Prize)
View this musical tribute to the hard working teachers at Dryden and the students they love to teach.
Tricia Fuglestad, NBCT 07
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