The lesson would connect dancing, music, and visual art while teaching about shadows, transparency, silhouette, complementary colors, digital layering, and movement.
In this lesson, students would learn to apply a green screen technique using the Green Screen App by DoInk that creates a silhouette, copy it and change the transparency to create a shadow, then layer it over a background.
Create the silhouette: After you load a green screen video, click on the color wheel button and choose a spot on the other side of the color wheel for the chroma key effect. The complementary color (choose red instead of green) makes the subject a silhouette. Adjust the sensitivity bar and choose the crop button to clean up your video. Export the silhouette video to the camera roll by choosing "save" while "video" is selected.
Build your project: Bottom layer-chose image-upload the stage from camera roll Middle layer: choose video-upload the silhouette video. The green will automatically go away. Resize and position by pinching the video with two fingers. Click on video and choose "copy" from menu at bottom Top Layer: touch the layer and choose paste. Go back to the second layer, touch it to select it. Under the color wheel button, slide the sensitivity button until it becomes transparent and looks like a shadow. Audio: I would remove audio from this video and add it back later when the whole class video is made in iMovie.
Below is a Fugleflick about visual literacy created completely in shadows by students.
Below is a performance by an Hungarian Shadow Theater Group on Britian's Got Talent show. (Get your kleenex ready.)
This Fugleflick introduces the concept of complementary colors which is part of this digital art making experience.
This Fugleflick introduces the concept of transparent and opaque which is needed to understand shadows in this digital lesson.
Or look at the still image version of the dancing silhouette called iExpress.
1. Take photo (horizontally) of a part of the art room. Hint: close up is fun, blurry isn't.
2. Draw a ghost in the DoInk Animation app using "drawing" mode found under the "+" button in the top right corner. Just use black line (we used size 6) then fill with white. Make sure it's a shape so you don't fill the background. Use undo or eraser for mistakes. Touch "gallery" when done.
3. Touch the "+" again and choose composition. Use the camera shaped button to import the photo. Don't touch the green dot-if you do, hit undo button. Use the star shaped button to import your ghost drawing. If you can't see the whole stage use two fingers to zoom out a bit. Resize the ghost by moving the corner in towards the center. Scoot the ghost to the left of the animation stage without touching the green dot. Touch the gear button and choose 50% opacity for both start an end. This is what makes the ghost semi-transparent. Now, touch the green dot on your ghost and drag your finger across the animation stage (over your photo) all the way to the right of the stage to create a path. You should see a green line-that is your path. Hit the play button (looks like the top of an arrow) to see how it looks. Hit done, then gallery, then share button, then save it as a movie or as a still image. We save it both ways-one for a class movie and one for our portfolios on Artsonia.
Introduce the concept of opaque and transparent with this short video.
Spooky story (with repetition so students can help act it out)
Here is a fun reading of "I'm Not Afraid of this Haunted House".
More like this:
After I shared this lesson via Twitter I received a couple of fun tweets from teachers who explored this animation technique with their art students.
Remember those iTunes + iPod Ads?
First, I loaded a green screen video into DoInk Green Screen App. I cropped and resized it to make sure only the figure and green screen showed in the viewfinder. Here is what it looked like before I applied the chroma filters.
When you enable the Chroma filter the green disappears by default. I moved the color dial over to red (the complementary color of green) and adjusted the sensitivity level until I found the sweet spot where the figure became a silhouette.
I exported this clip as a movie to make sure this effect is retained. Here it is below.
Then, I put the video with the new effect back into the Green Screen app and applied the default chroma filter effect which removed the green but kept the black silhouette. I added an image of a color below s that I could see silhouette.
This is the clip of created from above. The next step is to make decisions about the background and the figure's placement to create your video.
I wanted to try to recreate the iPod/iTunes ad with "iWords" in white over a solid color field. So, I used Phonto to make these three images to play behind my silhouette video.
As I was playing with this dancing silhouette effect I found myself wanting to combine them with words and music. A very simple way to achieve this was by using the Ditty App (see this previous post about ditty) to make a musical video from the words I typed. The movie exports as a square. So, I used one of the video layers in the green screen app to add a color so I can scoot the Ditty to one side of the viewing stage. This allowed me to add the dancing silhouettes on the top layer. I played with the sensitivity level until they became semi-transparent so that they can overlap the words without blocking them out.
Here is the video I created over a ditty with two layers of dancing silhouettes. Both layers have some level of transparency so they can overlap the words.
I have been doing a graphic design lesson inspired by the iTunes and iPod ads since 2007. I wrote about this lesson for School Arts Magazine and created tutorials for creating these effects for using the Mac Desktop app Keynote and the iPad using Superimpose. View this post.
Also I've posted a couple lesson ideas using the Ditty app. One was about adding green screen stop motion animation over a ditty.
See that post here.
The other lesson idea included using drawn or composed animation over a musical ditty. See my post about this here.
I dreamed up this lesson over the summer and have been posting about its progress a few times. You can explore my past posts here and here.
Below is the final project. It includes an introduction created using DOINK's Green Screen app followed by everyone's 2 second animation. They are in alphabetical order by student's first name. See all thescreenshots of students animations on Artsonia here.
Okay, what if you wanted to teach your young students to make a landscape with foreground, middle ground, background, overlapping, relative size, a horizon line with primary, secondary, and neutral colors? Also, what if you also want to throw in a little bit of opaque and transparent too? And on top of all that you decide to turn it into an animation lesson on the iPads? Well, then, it might look like this:click to view the gallery of student work on Artsonia
I created a Spooky Landscape lesson for my second graders a while back that covered many of the concepts I described above, but now with the magic of iPads and the awesome animation app, DOINK, I think we can add much more (time permitting).
There are a bunch of ways to approach this lesson from starting completely from scratch on the iPad (animation above) to importing a photo and animating over it (example below). This idea uses animation to teach opaque-vs-transparent and relative size. This is so fun and easy that I'm certain my 2nd graders will be able to do this in art class over a few sessions with our class set of iPads, styluses, and DOINK animation app. Maybe we will piece all their little animations into a class movie and compose spooky music as a soundtrack much like this 3rd grade alien animation & this flying 5th graders animation.
This movie is in our
and is featured in our
interactive QR code
Scan View Learn
as well as our
Click View Learn
These books give students independent access to art related videos.
These paintings by 5th graders combined art skills, concepts, and US history.
View the rest of our 5th grade Mayflower Seascapes in our gallery on Artsonia.
We practiced our Observational Drawing Skills (see this fugleflick above at the left) to draw the Mayflower ship. We learned about the voyage of the pilgrims through videos from Brainpop and Espresso Education.
Then we painted our seascape with both transparent paints for the sky/water, and opaque paint for the ship (see the fugleflick video above on the right to see who would win in a battle between Opaque Man and Transparent Man).
View our Entry for the What's Your Story
Internet Safety Contest
(Won the 2nd Place Prize)
View this musical tribute to the hard working teachers at Dryden and the students they love to teach.
Tricia Fuglestad, NBCT 07
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.